Soo dejinta iyo dhoofinta Shiinaha labadii bilood ee ugu horreysay sannadkan ayaa aad uga fog filashadii suuqa

Wax -soo -saarka iyo dhoofinta Shiinaha ee labadii bilood ee ugu horreysay sannadkan ayaa aad uga fog filashooyinka suuqa, gaar ahaan tan iyo 1995 -kii, sida ku cad xogta uu soo saaray Maamulka Guud ee Kastam 7. Maarso, Intaa waxaa dheer, ganacsiga Shiinaha ee la -hawlgalayaasha waaweyn ee ganacsiga ayaa aad u kordhay, taasoo muujineysa in is -dhexgalka Shiinaha ee dhaqaalaha adduunka uu aad u sii qoto dheeraaday. Reuters ayaa werisay in Shiinuhu si guul leh u xakameeyay cudurka, iyo amarada alaabada ka hortagga cudurrada ee dibedda ayaa sii socday. Hirgelinta tallaabooyinka go'doominta guriga ee dalal badan ayaa horseeday inuu dillaaco baahida loo qabo alaabooyinka macaamiisha gudaha iyo elektiroonigga ah, taas oo horseeday in la furo ganacsiga shisheeye ee Shiinaha 2021. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, Maamulka Guud ee kastamyada ayaa sidoo kale tilmaamay in xaaladda dhaqaale ee dunidu ay tahay kakan oo aad u daran, oo ganacsiga shisheeye ee Shiinaha wax badan baa ka dhiman.

Heerka kobaca ugu dhaqsaha badan ee dhoofinta ilaa 1995

Marka loo eego xogta Maamulka Guud ee kastamyada, qiimaha guud ee badeecadaha Shiinaha ee soo dejinta iyo dhoofinta badeecadaha labada bilood ee ugu horreeya sannadkan waa 5.44 trillion yuan, oo ah korodh dhan 32.2% isla muddadaas sannadkii hore. Waxaa ka mid ah, dhoofintu waxay ahayd 3.06 tiriliyan yuan, ilaa 50.1%; soo dejinta waxay ahayd 2.38 tiriliyan yuan, oo kor u kacday 14.5%. Qiimaha waxaa lagu qiimeeyaa doolarka Mareykanka, wadarta qiimaha soo dejinta iyo dhoofinta Shiinaha ayaa kordhay 41.2% labadii bilood ee la soo dhaafay. Waxaa ka mid ah, dhoofinta oo kordhay 60.6%, soo dejinta ayaa kordhay 22.2%, dhoofintuna waxay kordhay 154%bishii Febraayo. Wakaaladda wararka ee AFP ayaa ku nuuxnuuxsatay warbixinteeda in ay tahay kororka ugu dhaqsaha badan ee khibradda dhoofinta Shiinaha tan iyo 1995 -kii.

ASEAN, EU, Mareykanka iyo Japan ayaa ah afarta iskaashi ganacsi ee ugu waaweyn Shiinaha laga bilaabo Janaayo ilaa Febraayo, iyadoo heerka kobaca ganacsiga uu yahay 32.9%, 39.8%, 69.6% iyo 27.4% RMB siday u kala horreeyaan. Sida laga soo xigtay Maamulka Guud ee kastamyada, dhoofinta Shiinaha ee Mareykanka ayaa gaartay 525.39 bilyan oo yuan, taasoo ah 75.1 boqolkiiba labadii bilood ee la soo dhaafay, halka macaashka ganacsi ee Mareykanka uu ahaa 33.44 bilyan yuan, kororka 88.2 boqolkiiba. Isla muddadii la soo dhaafay, soo dejinta iyo dhoofinta Shiinaha iyo Mareykanka ayaa hoos u dhacday boqolkiiba 19.6.

Guud ahaan, baaxadda soo dejinta iyo dhoofinta Shiinaha labadii bilood ee ugu horreysay sannadkan ma ahan oo kaliya wax ka badan isla muddadii sannadkii hore, laakiin sidoo kale waxay kordhay qiyaastii 20% marka la barbar dhigo isla muddadii 2018 iyo 2019 ka hor inta uusan dillaacin. Huojianguo, madaxweyne ku -xigeenka Ururka Cilmi -baarista Ururka Ganacsiga Adduunka ee Shiinaha, ayaa u sheegay waqtiyada adduunka 7 -da Maarso in soo dejinta iyo dhoofinta Shiinaha ay hoos u dhacday labadii bilood ee ugu horreysay sannadkii hore saamaynta cudurka dillaacay awgeed. Iyada oo ku saleysan saldhigga aad u hooseeya, xogta soo dejinta iyo dhoofinta sannadkan waa inay lahaataa waxqabad wanaagsan, laakiin xogta uu sii daayay Maamulka Guud ee kastamku weli aad bay uga badan yihiin filashooyinkii.

Dhoofinta Shiinaha ayaa sare u kacday labadii bilood ee ugu horreeyay sannadkan, taasoo ka tarjumaysa baahida xooggan ee caalamka ee alaabada la soo saaray, waxayna ka faa'iideysteen hoos u dhac ku yimid saldhigga sababtuna tahay dhaqaalihii dhaqaale ee isla xilligan oo kale sannadkii hore, ayay tiri falanqaynta Bloomberg. Maamulka Guud ee Kastamyada ayaa rumaysan in kobcinta iyo soo-dhoofinta ganacsiga shisheeye ee Shiinaha labadii bilood ee ugu horreeyey ay iska caddahay, “oo aan daciif ahayn xilligii caadiga ahaa”, kaas oo sii wata dib-u-soo-kabashada degdegga ah tan iyo bishii Juun ee sannadkii hore. Waxaa ka mid ah, kororka baahida shisheeye ee ka dhalatay soo -kabashada wax -soo -saarka iyo isticmaalka dhaqaalaha Yurub iyo Ameerika ayaa horseeday kororka dhoofinta Shiinaha.

Kororka weyn ee soo -dejinta alaabta ceeriin ee muhiimka ah

Dhaqaalaha gudaha ayaa si joogto ah u soo kabanayay, PMI ee warshadaha wax -soo -saarkuna waxay ku jiraan safka barwaaqada iyo qallajinta 12 bilood. Shirkaddu waxay aad ugu niyadsan tahay rajooyinka mustaqbalka, taas oo dhiirrigelisa soo dejinta wareegga isku -dhafan, wax -soo -saarka kheyraadka tamarta sida wareegga isku -dhafan, macdanta birta iyo saliidda cayriin. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, isbeddelka xooggan ee sicirka caalamiga ah ee badeecadaha ee qaybaha kala duwan ayaa sidoo kale sababa isbeddel weyn oo ku yimaada qiimaha mugga ee badeecadan marka Shiinuhu soo dejiyo.

Sida laga soo xigtay xogta Maamulka Guud ee kastamka, labadii bilood ee ugu horreysay sannadkan, Shiinuhu wuxuu soo dhoofiyay 82 milyan oo tan oo macdan bir ah, koror ah 2.8%, celceliska qiimaha soo dejinta 942.1 yuan, oo ahaa 46.7%; saliidda cayriin ee dibedda laga keenay waxay gaartay 89.568 milyan oo tan, koror ah 4.1%, celceliska qiimaha soo dejinta ayaa ahaa 2470.5 yuan halkii ton, taasoo hoos u dhacday 27.5%, taasoo keentay in 24.6%ay hoos u dhacdo tirada guud ee wax soo dejinta.

Xiisadda sahayda guntinta ee caalamiga ah ayaa sidoo kale saameysay Shiinaha. Sida laga soo xigtay Maamulka Guud ee kastamyada, Shiinuhu wuxuu soo dhoofiyay 96.4 bilyan oo wareegyo isku dhafan labadii bilood ee ugu horreeyay sannadkan, oo wadar ahaan qiimihiisu ahaa 376.16 bilyan yuan, oo si weyn u kordhay 36% iyo 25.9% tiro ahaan iyo qaddar ahaan marka la barbar dhigo isla muddada sannadkii hore.

Marka la eego dhoofinta, sababtuna tahay in cudurka faafa ee adduunku uusan weli ka dillaacin isla muddadii sanadkii hore, dhoofinta qalabka caafimaadka iyo qalabka ee Shiinaha labadii bilood ee ugu horreysay sannadkan wuxuu ahaa 18.29 bilyan oo yuan, 63.8% marka la barbar dhigo isla muddadii sanadkii hore. Intaa waxaa sii dheer, sababta oo ah Shiinaha ayaa hoggaanka u hayey xakameynta wax ku oolka ah ee COVID-19, soo-kabashada iyo soo-saarka taleefanka gacanta ayaa fiicnaa, iyo dhoofinta taleefannada gacanta, qalabka guryaha iyo baabuurta ayaa aad kor ugu kacay. Waxaa ka mid ah, dhoofinta taleefannada gacanta oo kordhay 50%, dhoofinta qalabka guryaha iyo baabuurta ayaa gaadhay 80% iyo 90% siday u kala horreeyaan.

Huojianguo wuxuu falanqeeyay waqtiyada caalamiga ah in dhaqaalaha Shiinuhu uu sii wanaajinayey, kalsoonidii suuqa oo dib loo soo celiyay iyo wax soo saarkii shirkadu uu ahaa mid togan, sidaa darteed soo iibsiga alaabta ceeriin ee muhiimka ah aad baa loo kordhiyay. Intaa waxaa dheer, sababtoo ah xaaladda cudurrada faafa ee dibedda ayaa weli sii fidaya oo awoodda aan la soo celin karin, Shiinuhu wuxuu sii wadaa inuu ciyaaro doorka saldhigga wax -soo -saarka caalamiga ah, isagoo siinaya taageero xooggan dib -u -soo -kabashada cudurrada adduunka.

Xaaladda dibaddu weli waa mid xun

Maamulka Guud ee Kastamyada Shiinaha ayaa rumeysan in ganacsiga shisheeye ee Shiinaha uu albaabada u furay labadii bilood ee la soo dhaafay, taas oo bilow wanaagsan u noqotay sanadka oo dhan. Sahanku wuxuu muujinayaa in amarada dhoofinta ee shirkadaha dhoofinta Shiinaha ay kordheen sannadihii la soo dhaafay, taasoo muujineysa rajo wanaagsan oo laga qabo xaaladda dhoofinta 2-3 bilood ee soo socda. Bloomberg wuxuu rumeysan yahay in dhoofinta Shiinaha ee soo koreysa ay gacan ka geysatay taageeridda ka soo kabashada Shiinaha ee cudurka V-qaabeysan iyo in Shiinaha laga dhigo waddanka kaliya ee koraya ee dhaqaalaha ugu weyn adduunka 2020.

5 -tii Maarso, warbixinta shaqada dowladda ayaa lagu sheegay in bartilmaameedka kobaca dhaqaalaha Shiinaha ee 2021 lagu dhigay in ka badan 6 boqolkiiba. Huojianguo wuxuu sheegay in dhoofinta Shiinaha ay si aad ah u kordhay labadii bilood ee la soo dhaafay sababta oo ah xaqiiqda ah in dhoofinta lagu daray GDP, ayaa aasaas adag u ah sidii loo gaari lahaa yoolka sanadka oo dhan.

Cudurka sambabka ee loo yaqaan 'coronavirus pneumonia' ayaa sidoo kale ku faafaya adduunka oo dhan, iyo waxyaabaha aan xasilloonayn oo aan la hubin ee xaaladda caalamiga ah ayaa sii kordhaya. Xaaladda dhaqaale ee adduunku waa mid adag oo daran. Ganacsiga shisheeye ee Shiinaha ayaa weli si joogto ah u koraya. Huweijun, oo ah agaasimaha dhaqaalaha Shiinaha ee Macquarie, oo ah hay'ad maaliyadeed, ayaa saadaalisay in kororka dhoofinta Shiinaha uu hoos u dhici doono dhowrka bilood ee soo socda ee sannadkan iyadoo waddamada horumaray ay bilaabayaan inay dib u bilaabaan wax soo saarka warshadaha.

"Waxyaabaha saameeya dhoofinta Shiinaha ayaa laga yaabaa inay tahay ka dib markii xaaladda cudurka faafa si wanaagsan loo xakameeyo, awoodda caalamiga ah la soo celiyo iyo dhoofinta Shiinaha ayaa laga yaabaa inay hoos u dhacdo." Falanqaynta Huojianguo ayaa sheegtay in iyada oo ah dalka wax soosaarka ugu weyn adduunka muddo 11 sano oo xiriir ah, silsiladda warshadaha ee Shiinaha oo dhammaystiran iyo wax -soo -saarka aadka u tartamaya aysan ka dhigi doonin in dhoofinta Shiinaha ay si weyn isu beddesho 2021.


Waqtiga dhejinta: Apr-12-2021